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【英文文法】詞性分析 Parts of a Speech (下) 

《文章大綱》
‧ 主詞(S)
Subject
‧ 動詞(V)
Verb
‧ 受詞(O)
Object
‧ 形容詞(Adj)
Adjective
‧ 副詞(Adv)
Adverbs
‧ 文章詞性(上)

 

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►副詞 adv

◖定義

‧ 副詞的功能修飾動詞、分詞、形容詞

▸ adv + V, Vp.p/Ving/adj

‧ V+ adv or adv + V 副詞修飾動詞情況先後順序沒那麼重要

‧ Adv + adj 副詞修飾形容詞情況副詞在形容詞前面

Q: What about 分詞(Vp.p / Ving)?

A:基本上如果分詞當形容詞用那習慣上adv + Vp.p / Ving

 

◖例句1

• This issuemust be posted on our Frequently Asked Question (FAQ).
Otherwise, there will always be users asking the same question over and over.

▸ 這句中frequently 作為asked (Vpp)的副詞

 

◖例句2

• I have recently completed my internship with a law firmin Edmonton.

▸ 這句中recently 為have completed (在此為動詞現在完成式)的副詞

 

◖例句3

• The Quality Assurance team reported that there is an abnormally high number of defected components.

▸ 這句中abnormally 修飾形容詞high

 

◖單字補充

• issue = 狀況

• post = 上傳

• frequently = 頻繁的= often

• otherwise = 否則, 要不然(表示另一種結果要發生)

• internship = 見習生實習生資格

• firm = 事務所, 公司

• Quality Assurance = 品保

• abnormally = 異常的原型abnormal

• defected = 瑕疵, 類似defective

• component = 零組件

 


 

►練習題型

Q1. The CEO gave compliments to Anita for her immediate ________ to the potential mistake during the packing process.

(A. attend

(B. attention

(C. attending

(D. attended

 

答案. B

解說: adj + n 原理. 形容詞immediate, 名詞attention

 

Q2. In PosiTech, every employee ______ as equally important to the company.

(A. treatment

(B. treats

(C. is treated

(D. treating

 

答案. C

解說: 這句主詞every employee, 句子缺動詞, 又因為employee在這裡應該是指被PosiTech 公司對待因此採用被動語態

 

Q3. Well-known economist AllenMckenzie strongly _________ that the people are living in a twisted pyramid where the gap between the rich and the poor just gets wider and wider.

(A. believe

(B. belief

(C. believing

(D. believes

 

答案. D

解說: 這句主詞Allen Mckenzie 但是缺動詞, 副詞strongly 修飾動詞,關係代名詞that 前面也缺動詞因此一定要放動詞又因為Allen Mckenzie 為第三人稱單數因此放D

 

Q4. This is _______ recommended to wear anti-static gloves before you install your systems in order to prevent ESD.

(A. strongly

(B. stronger

(C. strong

(D. strongest

 

答案. A

解說be 和recommended (Vp.p 過去分詞) 為被動語態能放在中間修飾這被動語態動詞的只有副詞Adv, 因此為A

 

Q5. Evelyn and Linda are highly _______ in their newly created ad campaign.

(A. confidence

(B. confidential

(C. confident

(D. confidently

 

答案. C

因為副詞adv 修飾V or Adj, confident 這字沒有動詞模式因此這裡一定接adj形容詞因此選C

 


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