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【英文文法】常考連結詞/副詞 

《常考連結詞/副詞》
‧ but ‧ nor
‧ though ‧ because
‧ while ‧ however
‧ as ‧ otherwise
‧ instead ‧ therefore
‧ since ‧ as well as
‧ if 系列  
 

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►BUT

◖定義

‧ But (中文: 但是可是不過然而)

‧ But 代表的是轉折語氣,如果說and/or是平行的語氣;but就是一種相反語氣

◖多益例句型態

‧ We highly appreciate the ideas and the effort you put into this proposal, but at this moment and time, we are unable to fulfill the proposed requests.

‧ My office hour is 3:00 to 5:00 pm every Wednesday, but if you are unable to meet at this time,wemay set an appointment.

‧ It wasa well-prepared presentation but I am stillunclear about the part of future implication.

‧ I have to apologize that I can't join the conference call, but I don't want to miss any important points.

‧ The model you required is actually discontinued, but we have a similar one that maymeet your demands.

◖單字補充

‧ appreciate = 感激珍惜

‧ effort = hard work, 辛勞心血

‧ proposal = 提案

‧ fulfill = 實現、達成、充實

‧ request = 要求

‧ well-prepared =萬全準備

‧ implication = 引用、應用

‧ conference call = 電話式會議

‧ discontinued =停產、停止供應

‧ actually = in fact, 事實上

‧ similar = 相似

‧ demand = 需求


 

►NOR

◖定義

‧ Nor 代表著「and / or」的相反

‧ 「A and B」= A和B兩者都...所以常搭配both

‧ 「A or B」= A 或B 其中一個,所以常搭配either

‧ 那麼nor 就是否定A也否定B, 所以常搭配neithe

◖多益例句型態

‧ I don't likemeetings, nor do I like to hold conference calls.

‧ I didn't see the suppliers mail nor did I receive any call from him.

‧ Neither the marketing nor the sales team has received its proposed budget.


 

►THOUGH

◖定義

‧ Though = even though = although = 雖然。接出的句子不能單獨存在,必須依附另一個句子

‧ 和but 一樣都是轉折語氣不過語氣較弱

‧ 有了though, even though, although 的句子不能再用but 也不能用however

◖多益例句型態

Though once the top globalmobile phone maker, Nokia Company has been merged with MySoft Inc.

‧ Even though there isn't any concrete evidence, most staff buy into the rumors.

‧ The American branch office has eventually met the sales quota, although some challenges were encountered.

◖單字補充

‧ concrete = 確實的(adj), 水泥(n)

‧ evidence = 證據

‧ buy into = believe 相信

‧ eventually = finally 最終

‧ quota = 額度

‧ encounter = 遭遇


 

►BECAUSE

◖定義

‧ Because 中文是「因為」,是因果關係句子

‧ 注意句子有了because , 就不用能「所以」(so, therefore)

‧ because 有兩種用法:
❶because + S + V...
❷because of + N = due to + N

◖多益例句型態

‧ Everyone has to organize their offices because we have some guests coming tomorrow.

‧ We have to delay the flights due to the unexpected sandstorm.

◖單字補充

‧ organize = 整理收納

‧ guest = 客人賓客來賓

‧ due to = because of = 因為由於

‧ unexpected = 出乎意料

‧ sandstorm = 沙塵暴


 

►WHILE

◖定義

‧ While 基本上等於when (當...的時候)

‧ while 也當作「另一方面...; 或是though, although 的替代品」

◖多益例句型態

While taking bus and the metro system is convenient and environmental,many tourists still prefer to take cabs.
(這裡的while類似though)

‧ I was working on the project while my manager called me.
(這裡的while類似when)

◖單字補充

‧ metro system = 捷運

‧ environmental = 環保的

‧ tourist = 觀光客

‧ cab = taxi


 

►HOWEVER

◖定義

‧ However 中文是「然而」是but 的昇級版意思用法和but差不多

‧ However 也可以當no matter how(無論如何)

◖多益例句型態

‧ Modern technology enables us to communicate freely without time and space boundaries; however, some researchers argued that it actually adds distance between people.
(這裡的however類似but)

‧ We, Jake Financial Group, will provide the tailor-made service, however you want to do with your banking.
(這裡的however類似no matter how)

◖單字補充

‧ boundary = 邊界界線

‧ distance = 距離

‧ tailor-made = 客製化

‧ banking = 銀行所有服務


 

►AS

◖定義

‧ As = because, when or like, 各有相似但是不能100% 代替

◖多益例句型態

As he walked out of the meeting room, his secretary immediately ran to push the button for elevator.
(這裡的as類似when)

As illustrated below, the interior design is highly oriented to be space efficien and entertainment use.
(這裡的as類似like)

‧ Everyone was quiet in the meeting, as all staff somehow know that the new policy will pass anyway.
(這裡的as類似because)

◖單字補充

‧ secretary = 秘書

‧ immediately = right away

‧ elevator = 電梯

‧ 特別增加: escalator = 手扶梯

‧ illustrate = 畫面呈現

‧ interior = 內裡的內部的內裝的

‧ oriented to = 傾向於...

‧ entertainment = 娛樂


 

►OTHERWISE

◖定義

‧ Otherwise ≒ or else, else, otherwise 原意是否則、要不然

‧ 但是在多益與商場英文也指「另一情況、相反情況」接出的另一情況通常不是什麼值得歡喜的事

◖多益例句型態

‧ Please hand in the final report on time.Otherwise, you will get deduction from your grades.
(這裡otherwise指否則、要不然)

‧ The government announced that the new trade agreement will improve our economy, but some research studies suggest otherwise.
(這裡otherwise當「另一情況、相反情況」配合動詞suggest 前後)

‧ Assembly line staffmust follow the 3-shift timetable unless instructed otherwise (or otherwise instructed).
(這裡otherwise當「另一情況、相反情況」配合的動詞是instructed (被動語))

◖單字補充

‧ deduction = 扣除

‧ grades = 成績

‧ assembly line = 生產線(assembly 本身也指集會)

‧ 3-shift = 3班制

‧ unless = 除非

‧ instruct = 指示說明


 

►INSTEAD

◖定義

‧ Instead = 而非...、並非...但只看翻譯還是有點抽象,可以直接看用法比較明白

‧ Instead +句子;instead of +N/Ving

◖多益例句型態

‧ The delegates were not taken to the famous steak restaurant. They remained at the hotel for dinner instead.

也能寫成

‧ The delegates were not taken to the famous steak restaurant. Instead, they remained at the hotel for dinner.

也能寫成

Instead of dining at the famous steak restaurant, the delegates had dinner at the hotel.

也能寫成

‧ The delegates had dinner at the hotel, instead of dining at the famous steak restaurant.

◖單字補充

‧ delegate = 代表

‧ steak = 牛排排餐

‧ remain = 維持


‧ Mr. Mark didn't accept the promotion. He resigned and has started his own business instead.

也能寫成

‧ Mr. Mark didn't accept the promotion. Instead, he resigned and has started his own business.

也能寫成

Instead of accepting the promotion, Mr. Mark resigned and has started his own business.

也能寫成

‧ Mr. Mark resigned and has started his own business, instead of accepting the promotion.

◖單字補充

‧ promotion = 升官

‧ resign = 離職


 

►THEREFORE

◖定義

‧ Therefore = hence = thus = so = 因此、所以

‧ 基本上就是so「所以因此」的升級版

◖多益例句型態

‧ There are protection measures against current leakage; therefore, our devices can remain proper operations.

◖單字補充

‧ measure = 測量、措施

‧ current = 目前、電流

‧ device = 裝置

‧ proper = 適當正常


 

►SINCE

◖定義

‧ Since 本身有「自從...」的意思,但是作為連接詞則為「既然」的意思

◖多益例句型態

Since none of you has any objection, why don't we just start doing it and see how it goes.
(這句since 當作「既然」的意思)

Since you mentioned about the potential risk, Iwill hold onto the expansion project.
(這句since 當作「既然」的意思)

◖單字補充

‧ mention = 提到

‧ potential = 潛在性的

‧ risk = 風險

‧ hold onto = 維持現狀

‧ expansion = 擴展


 

►AS WELL AS

◖定義

. As well as =and 大致上很相像

◖多益例句型態

‧ Our lab experimentsmust be comply with international and environmental standards, as well as global certification regulations.

◖單字補充

‧ lab = 實驗室

‧ experiment = 實驗

‧ standard = 標準規範

‧ certification = 認證


 

►IF 系列

◖定義

‧ 如果查字典if 是「假如、如果」

◖多益例句型態

If I win the lottery, I will travel around the world.

If we were given enough time, we would run the project even better than the management would have expected.

‧ I would promote Jeffery Wong if I were the CEO.

if 作為條件句「假如、如果」,動詞須為過去式並且搭配would。表示對已發生的事實做假設,基本上假設條件不太可能成立

 

►If 延伸

If 有很多延伸系列,各代表其意思但是文法功能跟if 一樣表示條件要成立,也就是說換成if 也通.

‧ as long as

‧ unless

‧ in case

 

If 系列-- AS LONG AS

◖定義

‧ As long as = 只要...(只要某條件發生、成立,另一情況就會產生)

◖多益例句型態

‧ I would take the project coordinator position, as long as the welfare and benefits package is convincing.

也能寫成

‧ I would take the project coordinator position, if the welfare and benefits package is convincing.

◖單字補充

‧ project coordinator = 專案協調者

‧ welfare benefit = 福利待遇

‧ convincing = 說服, 具說服力的>


 

IF 系列-UNLESS

◖定義

‧ Unless = Only if = 除非...

◖多益例句型態

‧ The purchase department would not accept this component order, unless the supplier can offer a better price.

也能寫成

‧ The purchase department would not accept this component order, only if the supplier can offer a better price.

◖單字補充

‧ purchase = procurement = 採購

‧ component = 零組件

‧ supplier = 供應商


 

IF 系列-IN CASE

◖定義

‧ In case = 萬一

◖多益例句型態

‧ I suggest we prepare an alternative plan in case the campaign does not go as expected

也能寫成

‧ I suggest we prepare an alternative plan if the campaign does not go as expected.

◖單字補充

‧ alternative = 替代方案

‧ campaign = 造勢活動


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  • Hannah
  • 想問您上方的一個句子I would take the project coordinator position, if the welfare and benefit package is convincing. 為什麼用would 而不是 Will
    這邊不是未來的假設嗎?