【英文文法】關係代名詞(同位語) 

 

觀念導入

同位語多益常考題型同位語多數用來修飾主詞

‧ 注意:同位語來自關係代名詞的應用

 

定義

• 基本上考題呈現方式為: 主詞, + 關係代名詞+ …, 動詞+ …

• 句型: S,which/that/who + …, V + …

同位語= ,which/that/who + …,

 

 


FUN英文 小叮嚀】

「多益文法簡單學」重點為TKB TV雲端影片輔助

希望同學能讓清楚簡單的學會文法

不要再被市面上傳統方法困惑

針對多益常考易錯題型制定文法分析重點

專為考多益準備而並非英文全文法敬請見諒

 


例句1:

‧ VAccess, established in 1997, has been the global leader

  in mobilememory solution and mobile storage provider.

 

[解說]

‧ 這裡 established in 1997 是主詞 VAccess 的同位語,

  修飾 VAccess,表示 VAccess 是 established in 1997.

 

例句1 進一步解說

重點回顧:關係代名詞和be被省略: “which/that was”.

  (請參照關係代名詞 – 省略判定:關係代名詞

  (which/that/who) + be +Vp.p/Ving = Vp.p / Ving

 

 

• 此句原型:

• VAccess,which/that was established in 1997, has

  been the global leader in mobilememory solution

  and mobile storage provider.

• 省略which/thatwas後

• VAccess, established in 1997, has been the global leader

   in mobilememory solution and mobile storage provider.

 

 


例句2

‧ Poco Bell, specializing inMexican style fast food, is considering

  merging with Kim Orton for joint venture in recessing economic

  conditions.


[解說]

這裡specializing in Mexican style fast food 作為同位語修飾 Poco Bell

 

例句2 進一步解說

重點回顧: 這裡specializing 原型為which specializes ,

  關係代名詞 + V = Ving

 

‧ 此句原型:

‧ Poco Bell,which specializes in Mexican style fast food, is

  considering merging with Kim Orton for joint venture in

  recessing economic conditions.

‧ 省略 which 後, specializes => specializing

‧ Poco Bell, specializing inMexican style fast food, is considering

  merging with Kim Orton for joint venture in recessing economic

  conditions.

 

 


例句3

• Steve Jobs,who co-founded Apple Computer, was the influential

  figure contributing to the beginning of “Post PC Era”.

 

[解說]這裡who co-founded Apple Computer, 作為同位語修飾Steve Jobs

注意: 這句不建議省略關係代名詞因為co-found

  這單字在英文很少寫成co-founding


重點回顧: 眼尖的同學可能已經看到句中contributing 原型為who
  contributes, 請看以下比對

• Steve Jobs,who co-founded Apple Computer, was the influential

  figure contributing to the beginning of “Post PC Era”.

• Steve Jobs,who co-founded Apple Computer, was the influential

  figure who contributes to the beginning of “Post PC Era”.

 

單字補充

• establish = 成立,建立= found (非find 過去式)

• global = 全球的, world, international

• storage = 儲存

• specialize = 專精於…

• merge = 併購, 類似acquisition

• joint venture = 共同事業體

• recessing = 衰退經濟

• economic = 經濟的原型economy

• co-found = 共同成立

• influential = 影響力的, 原型influence

• figure = 人物

• “Post-PC Era = 後PC 時代”

 

 


範例題型– 所有關係代名詞章節

1. We have solutions ________ from giant corporations, small &

    medium enterprises,SOHO (Small Office & Home Office) and

    individual users.

    a. various   b. varying   c. varied   d. variety

 

答案: B

本來應該是…solutions that vary from giant corporations…,

that vary = varying,注意vary from 類似range from

 

 

2. Rebecca has led a successful ad campaign which

    popularly ________ to the youth market.

    a. appeals   b. appeal   c. appealing   d. appealed

 

答案A

因為本意是a successful ad campaign popularly appeals to the

youth market,也就是說which 進一步代名campaign, 因為campaign

我們知道是單數“a”因此加s

 

 

3. Individuals ________ are holding driver’s licenses issued prior

    to 2007 are required to register for renewals at a nearbyMotor

    License Institute.

    a.whom   b. who   c. that   d. whose

 

答案B

Individuals 表示“個人”那一定是搭配who, 那為什麼不能用whom?

因為whom 後面要先接主詞這裡直接接動詞因此不能用whom

 

 

4. Wayne Brasco, often __________ as a left-wing extremist,

    surprisingly made a speech in favor of the establishment of

    “Export Processing Zones”in amedia conference on Wednesday.

    a. portraying   b. portrayed   c. that portrays   d. which is portrayed

 

答案B

同位語原來應該是Wayne Brasco,who is often portrayed as a leftwing

extremist,… 根據同位語and 關係代名詞省略原則who is 省略了

再者portray = 描述刻畫, 看起來Wayne Brasco 應該不會portray 自己

因此選portrayed, 過去分詞Vp.p 作為被動語態

 

 

5. Lesco, __________ in making building blocks for kids, has

    recently engaged itself in e-commerce platform as wellas online

    gaming domains.

    a. dedicating  b. which dedicate  c. dedicated  d. to dedicate

 

答案A

同位語原來應該是Lesco, which dedicates in making building

blocks for kids, has recently…根據同位語and 省略原則,

which dedicates = dedicating

 

 

    

【FUN英文】免費英文實力檢測中心★
TOEIC 檢測中心
New Toeic 新多益 「免費英文健檢諮詢」
英文口說 檢測中心
免費校園口說檢測
(一般考試、推薦甄試、求職面試)
升學推薦甄試口試檢測
求職英文面試檢測
多益口說聽寫檢測
免費職場英文檢測
(商務英文、英文簡報、多益搶分)
商務英文必修檢測
英文檢報特訓檢測
多益實力認證檢測

 

 


 

FUN英文★輕鬆學  延伸閱讀 ●●●
【輕鬆學英文★】 《西洋歌曲學英文》
【輕鬆學英文★】 《看時事學英文》
【輕鬆學英文★】 《看電影學英文》
【輕鬆學英文★】 《日常生活英文》
【多益小學堂★】 《多益文法簡單學》

 

 

【FUN英文】FB粉絲團  

 西洋歌曲學英文/看電影學英文/看時事學英文/日常生活學英文/多益文法簡單學/航空英文

 ※文章分類:多益文法/多益準備/多益考試/多益成績/多益考試時間/多益單字/多益考古題

 

 

 

   完整課程內容    ---【多益文法簡單學-TV 雲端學習】  

 

文章標籤
創作者介紹
創作者 tkbfunenglish 的頭像
tkbfunenglish

【FUN英文】英文檢定/英文學習/洋碩美語

tkbfunenglish 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()