Rise vs. raise ? 要求加薪,英文要用哪個字呢?

研究所英文歷屆試題

(   ) Share prices are in free     in Tokyo this morning.

A) rise

B) fall

C) up

解>>(B) 今天東京的股價一瀉千里

In free fall = 大跌

On the rise = 上漲

 

(   ) While I was shopping at the market, I realized that the prices of many items      in recent weeks.

A) had been risen

B) had risen

解>>(B) 到市場購物時,才知道很多物價都上漲了。

Risen為不及物動詞,故沒有被動式  

三態整理 :

三態 片語 語意
Rise / rose / risen


Arise / arose / arisen



Raise / raised / raised
Give rise to
=lead to = result in =導致
On the rise =上漲

Raise money =籌錢
Ask for a raise


=ask the boss to raise wages
=要求加薪
漲、升、站起、起床



發生


舉起、籌錢、飼養

例句:

The kite rises into the air. 風箏升上天空了

The depression gives rise to widespread unemployment. 經濟蕭條導致到處都失業

We raise money for the new hospital in Africa. 我們為了在非洲的新醫院籌備資金

She asked his boss for a raise. 她要求老闆加薪

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